Wednesday, June 13, 2007

'Smitten of God': Penal substitution explained and defended

James Anderson (PhD, Sys Theo, U Edinburgh) is Assistant Pastor at Charlotte Chapel, here in Edinburgh. Last month he delivered a clear and compelling message on the penal substitution theory of the atonement, an object of critique to some outside and inside* the evangelical church. James presented biblical and theological defenses for this precious Gospel doctrine. This handout will help listeners follow his main points.



James' talk featured as an installment of the Chapel's "History & Theology Forum".

Here's a related excerpt by English puritan Richard Bernard (1568-1641), from his Contemplative Pictures: With Wholesome Precepts (1610):
"The Father of his mercy gave him for us, and he in love bestowed himself of us. The Father did will our peace, and he spared no pains. He came into the world poor, to make us rich. He was to the wicked a derision, that we with angels might be had in admiration. He was blasphemed, to make us blessed; buffeted and scorned, to make us secure in true comfort. He worked righteousness, that we might be free of wickedness. He was innocent, to procure us pardon, being penitent. His holiness is our happiness, his suffering our safety, his grace our good. He was here in trouble for us, his life painful and miserable, so his end for us doleful, and his torments intolerable. In all his life, that we read of, he did never laugh, but often lament. He mourned to see men’s madness, and wept for their woe. Here he sighed for to make us sing. He sobbed and sorrowed much to make us merry. He bore upon him unutterable torment patiently, that we might avoid the plagues of God eternally. His prayers were loud cries and strong, to make our prayers to pierce the heavens."
*e.g., Steve Chalke and Brian McLaren

1 comment:

James Anderson said...

Thanks for the kind words, Chris. Interested readers can go here to find out more about the book I recommended at the end of the talk. The site also provides extracts from the writings of the historical figures I listed.


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